A new Land Act (Ley 2/2014, de 25 de marzo, de ordenación y uso del suelo) has come into force in the Balearic Islands. Its aim is to regulate the three main areas that affect construction and real estate promotion: land management, planning and infringements.
The most controverted provision of this Law is that referred to ilegal constructions in rustic land. Under certain circumstances it will be possible within the next three years to legalize old ilegal constructions despite not meeting planning requirements.
The Balearic Islands has been the last region in Spain to pass a law of this kind replacing the old National Land Act of 1976. Provisions affecting planning and construction were widely disperse in national and regional regulations.